Adams Becker, Samantha, Alex Freeman, Courtney Giesinger Hall, Michele Cummins, and Brian Yuhnke. “NMC/CoSN horizon report: 2016 K.” (2016): 1-52.

Allen, H. L. (1997). Faculty workload and productivity: ethnic and gender disparities. The NEA 1997 Almanac of Higher Education. 25-42.

Association of American Colleges and Universities. (2016). At Valparaiso, the Holistic Department Opens Up New Possibilities for Faculty. Retrieved from

Avery, Christopher, and Sarah Turner. “Student loans: Do college students borrow too much—or not enough?.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 26, no. 1 (2012): 165-192.

Barrett, L., & Barrett, P. (2011). Women and academic workloads: career slow lane or cul-de-sac? Higher Education, 61(2), 141-155. doi: 10.1007/s10734-010-9329-3

Bass, J.R., Schaeperkoetter, C.C., & Bunds, K.S. (2015). The ‘front porch: Examining the increasing interconnection of university and athletic department funding. ASHE Higher Education Report, 41(5). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bettinger, Eric. “How financial aid affects persistence.” In College choices: The economics of where to go, when to go, and how to pay for it, pp. 207-238. University of Chicago Press, 2004. Available at

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Consumer credit—G.19. Available at

Boyd, B. N. (2015). Laboratory workload calculation and its impact on science instruction at the   community college level. Journal of College Science Teaching, 44(5), 82-91.

Boyer, E.L. (1990). Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate. Princeton: the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

Burd, Stephen. “Undermining Pell: Volume III.” The news keeps getting worse for low-income students (Education Policy Program Report) New America, Washington, DC (2016).

Burgess, T.F., Lewis, H.A., & Mobbs, T. (2003). Academic workload planning revisited. Higher Education, 46, 215–233. doi: 10.1023/A:1024787907547

Cahalan, Margaret, Laura Perna, and M. Yamashita. “Indicators of higher education equity in the United States: 2016 historical trend report.” (2016). Available at

Carlson, Scott. “The future of work.” The Chronicle of Higher Education (2017).

Cochrane, D. & Cheng, D. (2016). Student debt and the class of 2015. The Institute for College Access & Success. Available at

Chalfin, P., Weight, E., Osborne, B., & Johnson, S. (2015). The value of intercollegiate athletics participation from the perspective of employers who target athletes. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 8, 1-27.

Complete College America. (2012). Remediation: Higher education’s bridge to nowhereIndianapolis, IN. Retrieved from

Conley, D.T. (2008).  Rethinking college readiness.  In B. Barefoot (Ed.), The first year and beyond: Rethinking the challenge of collegiate transition (Vol. 144, pp. 3-13).  San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Conley, D.T., & French, E.M. (2014).  Student ownership of learning as a key component of college readiness.  American Behavioral Scientist, 58(8), 1018-1034.

Deming, David J. The growing importance of social skills in the labor market. No. w21473. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2015.

Dumestre, Marcel J. Financial Sustainability in US Higher Education: Transformational Strategy in Troubled Times. Springer, 2016.

Economist. (2014). The digital degree. Economist June 28. pp. 11. 20-22.

Gilkey, S. (2017, April 2).  Postsecondary success starts in high school.  Chronicle of Higher Education.  Retrieved from

Greenstone, Michael, Adam Looney, Jeremy Patashnik, and Muxin Yu. “Thirteen economic facts about social mobility and the role of education.” The Hamilton Project, Brookings Institution, Washington DC. (2013). Available at

Halfond, Jay A., and Peter Stokes. “New England colleges under stress: Presidential voices from the region’s smaller colleges.” New England Journal of Higher Education (2013).

Hart Research Associates (2013).  “It Takes More than a Major: Employer Priorities for College Learning and Student Success.”

Hart Research Associates. (2016). Trends in Learning Outcomes Assessment: Key Findings from a Survey among Administrators at AAC&U Member Institutions Conducted on Behalf of the Association of American Colleges & Universities.

Hickman, Carla (2014).  “Creating T-Shaped Professionals.”  Education Advisory Board, July 30, 2014, accessed May 19, 2017,

Hiltonsmith, Robert, and Tamara Draut. “The great cost shift continues: State higher education funding after the recession.” Dēmos, 2014. Available at

Houston, D., Meyer, L. H., & Paewai, S. (2006). Academic staff workloads and job satisfaction:   expectations and values in academe. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 28(1),  17–30. doi: 10.1080/13600800500283734

Huelsman, Mark (2016). “Out of reach? How a shared definition of college affordability exposes a crisis for low-income students.” Demos. Retrieved from

Index, Gallup-Purdue. “Great jobs great lives.” (2014).

Karoly, Lynn A., and Constantijn WA Panis. The 21st century at work: Forces shaping the future workforce and workplace in the United States. Vol. 164. Rand Corporation, 2004.

Kena, Grace, William Hussar, Joel McFarland, Cristobal de Brey, Lauren Musu-Gillette, Xiaolei Wang, Jijun Zhang et al. “The condition of education 2016. NCES 2016-144.” National Center for Education Statistics (2016). Available at

Kezar, A., Maxey, D., & Holcombe, E. (2015). The Professoriate Reconsidered: A Study of New Faculty Models. Pullias Center for Higher Education, University of Southern California. Retrieved from

Kurzweil, Martin. (2015). Making Assessment Work: Lessons from the University of PittsburghDOI:

Liza, C., Dawkins, P., Enger, R., Schotter, A. and C. Spence Supporting the Development of the Professoriate. Peer Review. Summer 2010, Vol. 12 Issue 3.

Lowery, P. & Hansen, S. (2001). Reconsidering research administration at predominantly Undergraduate Colleges and Universities. Research Management Review.

Mena, J. A. (2016). I love my work, but this is not my life: Women of color in the academy. NASPA Journal about Women in Higher Education, 9(2). 190-207.

McCann, M. (2016, Oct. 3). In denying O’bannon case, Supreme Court leaves future of amateurism in limbo. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved from

McNair, T.B., Albertine, S., Cooper, M.A., McDonald, N., & Major, Jr., T. (2016).  Becoming a student-ready college: A new culture of leadership for student success.  San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

McNicholas, J., Miner, J., Monahan, K., Napier, P., Plum, K. (2014). Establishing and Managing an Office of Sponsored programs at Non-Research Intensive Colleges and Universities. Third Edition. National Council of University Research Administrators. Washington, D.C.

Miller, Richard K. “Why the hard science of engineering is no longer enough to meet the 21st century challenges.” Olin College of Engineering (2015).

Mupinga, D. M., & Maughan, G. R. (2008). Web-based instruction and community college faculty workload. College Teaching, 56(1), 17-21.

Newman, John Henry (1893).  The Idea of a University.  London: Longmans, Green, and Co.

Paewai, S., Meyer, L. H., & Houston, D. (2007). Problem solving academic workloads management: A university response. Higher Education Quarterly, 61(3), 375-390. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2273.2007.00360.x

Patel, Eboo (2017).  “How Robots Will Save Liberal Education.”  The Chronicle of Higher Educationaccessed May 19, 2017,

Pieper, Josef (1952).  Leisure the Basis of Culture.  Trans. Alexander Dru.  New York: Pantheon.

Poutré, Alain, Jamey Rorison and Mamie Voight. “Limited means, limited options: College remains unaffordable for many Americans”. Institute of Higher Education Policy. (2017).

Pratt, Timothy. “College ‘bait and switch.’ The Hechinger Report. (2015). Available at

Richard Scott, W., and Manuelito Biag. “The changing ecology of US higher education: An organization field perspective.” In The University under pressure, pp. 25-51. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016.

Robertson, Susan, and Janja Komljenovic. “Unbundling the university and making higher education markets.” World Yearbook of Education 2016: The Global Education Industry (2016): 211.

Roche, John (2010).  Why Choose the Liberal Arts?  Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame Press.

Roderick, M., Nagaoka, J., & Coca, V. (2009).  College readiness for all: The challenge for urban high schools.  Future of Children, 19, 185-210.

Rossing, J. P., & Lavitt, M. R. (2016). The neglected learner: a call to support integrative learning for faculty. Liberal Education, 102, Retrieved from

Sablan, J.R.  The challenge of summer bridge programs.  (2014). American Behavioral Scientist, 58 (8), 1035-1050.

Selingo, Jeffrey J. (2016).  The decade ahead: The seismic shifts transforming the future of higher education. Washington, D.C.: Chronicle of Higher Education.

Selingo, J.J. (2017).  The future of enrollment: Where colleges will find their next students.  Washington, D.C.: Chronicle of Higher Education.

Sorincelli, M.D. (2002). New Conceptions of Scholarship for a New Generation of Faculty Members  New Directions for Teaching and Learning .  no. 90 Wiley.

Sorcinelli, M. D. (2000). Principles of good practice: Supporting early-career faculty: Guidance for deans, department chairs, and other academic leaders. American Association for Higher Education.

Springer, S.E., Wilson, T.J., & Dole, J.A. (2014).  Ready or not: Recognizing and preparing college-ready students.  Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 58(4), 299-307.

Strayhorn, T.L. (2014).  Modeling the determinants of college readiness for historically underrepresented students at 4-year colleges and universities.  American Behavioral Scientist, 58 (8), 972-993.

Vardi, I. (2009).The impacts of different types of workload allocation models on academic satisfaction and working life. Higher Education, 57(4), 499-508. doi: 10.1007/sl0734-008-9159-8

Wall, A. F., Hursh, D., & Rodgers III, J. W. (2014). Assessment for Whom: Repositioning Higher Education Assessment as an Ethical and Value-Focused Social Practice. Research & Practice in Assessment 9:5-17.

Webber, Douglas A. “Are college costs worth it? How ability, major, and debt affect the returns to schooling.” Economics of Education Review 53 (2016): 296-310.

Weight, E., Navarro, K., Huffman, L., & Smith-Ryan, A. (2014). Quantifying the psychological benefits of intercollegiate athletics participation. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 7, 390-409.

Woods, A.M., & Weasmer, J. (2002) Maintaining Job Satisfaction: Engaging Professionals as Active Participants The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas Vol. 75.  Iss 4. 

World Economic Forum. “New vision for education: Unlocking the potential of technology.” World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland, 2015.

World Economic Forum. “New vision for education: Fostering social and emotional learning through technology.” World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland, 2016.

Ziker, J. P., Wintermote, A., Nolin, D., Demps,K., Genuchi, M., & Meinhardt, K. (2014). Time distribution of faculty workload at Boise State University. Poster.